The basic philosophy of organic farming is simple and compelling –
“nature knows best”.
In other words organic farmers follow nature in applying natural methods of maintaining soil and animal health and avoiding chemical interventions which interfere with the natural process.
This translates into the following fundamental principles which are required for organic farming.
The land is farmed on a ‘mixed’ basis. This means introducing diversity of crop species and rotating crops on a periodic cycle, thereby avoiding any form of monoculture (which does not allow the soil to regenerate naturally without chemical intervention and destroys fertility).