The basic philosophy of organic farming is simple and compelling –
“nature knows best”.

In other words organic farmers follow nature in applying natural methods of maintaining soil and animal health and avoiding chemical interventions which interfere with the natural process.

This translates into the following fundamental principles which are required for organic farming.

The land is farmed on a ‘mixed’ basis. This means introducing diversity of crop species and rotating crops on a periodic cycle, thereby avoiding any form of monoculture (which does not allow the soil to regenerate naturally without chemical intervention and destroys fertility).


Livestock produce natural fertiliser and apply the beneficial effects of grazing to grassland, leading to diversity of plant stock and new growth.

Farming ‘extensively’ not ‘intensively’.

This encourages natural balance in the countryside by allowing habitat regeneration, respecting wildlife and protecting the environment.

These principles are responsible for dictating virtually everything carried out on the farm and driving most of the choices made as farmers.

The principles of organic farming are, broadly speaking, the principles on which agriculture relied for thousands of years before the invention of pesticides and the production of nitrogen fertiliser by the petro-chemical industry.

In this sense, organic farming is simply ‘traditional’ farming, or returning to the tried and tested methods of the past.